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italicized names are characters who are not active soldiers at Gettysburg
Armistead, Lewis (Lo, Lothario): close friends with Hancock before the war, they call him Lothario as a joke because he is an old widower and a "lothario" is a womanizer. Dies during Pickett’s charge.
Early, Jubal: disliked, cocky lawyer who all but takes over Ewell’s command. He seeks to gain rank whatever the cost. He despises Longstreet and the feeling is mutual. He is a realist.
Ewell, Richard (Old Baldy): One of Jackson’s replacements, he is overly cautious and defers to Early too much. He lost his leg before the battle, and with it went his confidence.
Fremantle, Arthur: comical English observer. Idealist gentleman.
Garnett, Richard: seeks to salvage his honor from the accusations by the late Stonewall Jackson. Idealist gentleman. Dies during Pickett’s charge.
Harrison (the Spy): Longstreet’s "scout" of whom Lee doesn’t approve. Realist.
Hill, A.P.: One of Jackson’s replacements, he is often too ill to command during battles.
Lee, General Robert E. (Bobby Lee, the Old Gray Fox):
pious commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, "the most beloved man in either army." The definitive idealist gentleman.
Longstreet, James (Old Peter, War Horse): Lee’s right-hand man and most valued commander. His trench theories go unheeded. Gloomy realist.
Pickett, George: he worries that his proud Virginians will miss the last great battle of the war. He is an idealist at first, but the devastation of his division makes him a bitter realist. One of three main leaders at Pickett’s charge.
Stuart, J.E.B. (Jeb): cavalry commander whose antics leave the Rebel infantry blind. Idealist gentleman.
Buford, John: cavalry commander who reached Gettysburg first and established a strong defensive position.
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence: former professor from Bowdoin University who is given command of the 20 th Maine regiment one week before the battle. Pensive idealist.
Hancock, Winfield Scott: one of the most successful commanders at Gettysburg, he was friends with Armistead before the war.
Meade, George Gordon: cautious head of Union army, replaced Hooker shortly before Gettysburg.
Reynolds, John: declines the offer of command of the union army (which then goes to Meade), killed on the first day of battle.