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The Republic by Plato - Barron's Booknotes
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TEST 2

_____ 1. In Plato's ideal state children would be

A. shielded from evil

B. taught to speak up for their rights

C. kept out of formal schooling until the age of eight

_____ 2. The three classes of citizens in Plato's ideal state are

A. rulers, followers, and philosophers

B. rulers, auxiliaries, and craftsmen

C. rulers, functionaries, and poets

_____ 3. Socrates proposes the Myth of Metals to

A. ensure communal stability

B. justify the classless society

C. explain why the soldiers were entitled to the obedience of others

_____ 4. In a smooth functioning state, Socrates argued,

A. only a few laws would be required

B. some extremes can be tolerated

C. Periodic wars need not paralyze society

_____ 5. The Four Cardinal Virtues mentioned in The Republic are justice, wisdom, courage, and

A. love

B. discipline

C. piety

_____ 6. The three divisions of the mind, according to Socrates, are reason, the emotional part, and

A. desire B. quiet contemplation C. conscience

_____ 7. According to Plato, since the object of knowledge is beauty, then

A. hedonism must be shunned at all costs

B. only a truly wise man can succeed as a poet philosopher

C. beauty must really exist



_____ 8. Socrates' famous story of the cave makes the point that

I. all knowledge is connected
II. philosophers must apply what they have learned
III. the shadows on the cave's wall may be the real thing

A. I and II only

B. II and III only

C. I, II, and III

_____ 9. Timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny are described as four types of

A. states with potential for good

B. unjust societies

C. governments that are worthy of partial admiration

_____ 10. The point of the Myth of Er is that

A. we are responsible for the lives we choose to lead

B. we are the victims of our fate

C. virtue is its own reward

11. The Analogy of the Sun, the Divided Line, and the Allegory of the Cave are three related images. Describe their connection and briefly discuss their significance to the topic of justice.

12. What is a philosopher according to Plato? Why should philosophers be kings?

13. How do the philosopher and tyrant differ? Note their differences in terms of the tripartite soul and also include the ways in which the images of the Divided Line and the Allegory of the Cave can inform your judgment on their differences.

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