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PLOT STRUCTURE ANALYSIS
The story is written about events that occurred six years previously and spanned only a little more than a month. For the most part, the plot follows in chronological order what happens between the landing of the first cylinder in Horsell Common and the narrator’s return home after the death of the Martians. Exceptions to this include scientific details as were later learned and are inserted throughout the book, and the branching off to tell the story of the brother. What happens to the narrator is the focus of the story and the chapters are broken up by significant events of his life during the time of the war.
The Possible Submission of Men
This refers not only literally to the Martians taking over the world and reducing men to breeding purposes, but also in a symbolic way to men to machines, as was feared during industrialization. A number of other vices, such as drinking, were problems, especially among the working class.
The Inhumanity of Imperialism
The Martians’ unfeeling conquest is meant as a criticism of British imperialism. They subjected those in the colonies to a status below that of citizen, and occasionally, below human.
The Horrors of War
This includes not only the frequent scenes of dead bodies and buildings in ruins but also the mental toll. The artilleryman, who had been a devoted soldier, becomes an impractical dreamer. The narrator ends up attacking the curate. And in the mass migrations, people turn on each other in their fight for survival.
The conflict with religion is emphasized by the problems between the curate and the narrator. The opposition is further shown in the end, when St. Paul’s cathedral has been damaged but the Crystal Palace (the site of the first world’s fair, which was formed to show off the technological achievements of each nation) is shining. The idea of natural selection is somewhat twisted by the artilleryman when he talks about the weak wanting to die off for the good of the race. However, it is a concept central to the explanation for why men can survive on Earth but the Martians cannot. The question of life on other planets is addressed mostly at the end, in the mention that people no longer knew what could come from the stars, and might one day venture to another world themselves.