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One day Magistrate Das comes to Dr. Aziz seeking two favors; he wants a remedy for shingles and a poem for his brother-in-law's magazine. The poem must not be too Muslim, for it is also a Hindu magazine. Aziz repeatedly tries to write the poem, but it always turns into venom or pathos. His effort helps him understand that he needs to get away from British India, to discover other parts of his homeland and learn more about other Indians. He decides to go to a Hindu state where he hopes to find peace. Hamidullah argues with him about his decisions, saying that in a Hindu state Aziz will always be poor; if he stays in British India, he can eventually demand respect from Europeans and educate his children properly. Aziz says he would rather write poems and live as a poor man as long as he can express what is in his heart. Hamidullah thinks Aziz should write about the women of India, explaining how they really are spoiled. Aziz hears the rumor that Adela was Fielding's mistress, which distresses him greatly. He hides his feeling by resorting to a tirade against his traitor friends. Aziz's problems, however, remain unsolved.
Forster again points out through Aziz that there is no single or unified India. It is a pluralistic country with pluralistic people. By trying to write poetry for all of India, he wants to understand all of the country and its people. Rather than be merely anti-British, Aziz becomes pro-India.
Forster also points out how Fielding has lost popularity in both the British and Indian communities. Harboring Adela has definitely hurt his reputation, and Aziz is totally disgusted with him. It has previously told Adela that he may have some prospects for work elsewhere. Like Aziz, he is planning on leaving Chandrapore.