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After the Indian victory celebration is over, everybody beds down on the roof of Nawab Bahadur's house. Aziz and Fielding talk. Aziz, who has become totally anti-British, plans to go to Persia for a holiday with the money Adela must give him as compensation and offers to take Fielding along. Fielding tries to plead for Adela's cause by explaining how brave and alone she is. Aziz, lacking any British sympathies, sees no reason to play the gentleman and refuses to relent. He tells Fielding he expects an apology from Adela and calls her the "awful old hag." When Fielding tells him that such name-calling is offensive to him, the two men argue.
When Aziz says that he wants to consult with Mrs. Moore, Field tells him that she is dead. Aziz doesn't believe Fielding. He simply turns away to sleep.
This chapter again focuses on Aziz. He is very hurt by his arrest and humiliated by his suffering. Additionally, he is so angry over the whole affair and his personal loss of credibility that he plans to claim monetary damages from Adela. He will not listen to Fielding's pleas in her favor; he thinks there is nothing courageous about Adela. It is apparent that a rift is beginning in the only successful British/Indian relationship in the story. The spilt becomes even more clear when Aziz wants to talk to Mrs. Moore and be guided by her, rather than turning to Fielding. There is irony in the fact that both he and Adela feel a close connection to Mrs. Moore. When Fielding tells Aziz of Mrs. Moore's death, he does not believe it is true.
Fielding thinks about death and ruminates on the differences between oriental and western culture. He decides the easterners are gracious and generous people, much more so than the British.