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BACKGROUND INFORMATION - BIOGRAPHY
Amy Tan, also known as An-Mei Tan, was born in Oakland, California, in 1952. She was the second of three children and the only daughter born to John and Daisy Tan. During her early years, Amy’s family moved from place to place, finally settling down in Santa Clara, California. Amy’s parents were quiet people, who kept largely to themselves. Amy, however, eagerly sought to mix and merge with the American society around her. She learned to resent her Chinese appearance, heritage, and customs, for she felt they kept her from being in mainstream America. Throughout her youth, she struggled to erase her Chinese identity. Life grew even more difficult for her when her father and her brother, Peter, died of brain tumors when she was only fifteen years old. Her mother moved her and her remaining brother, John, to Switzerland. The move simply made Amy more rebellious.
Amy was always a good student. When she was eight years old, she won an essay contest, which marked the beginning of her desire to become a writer. Her mother, however, wanted her to become a concert pianist or a neurosurgeon. The independent Amy followed her own desires. After graduating from high school in 1969, Amy enrolled in Linfield College in Oregon to study medicine. The next year she returned to California and pursued her studies at San Jose City College, where she changed her major to English and linguistics and began to write in earnest. She later transferred to San Jose State University and received a Bachelor’s degree in English and a Masters degree in Linguistics. Amy went on complete a doctoral program in Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz. While still a student, she married Louis De Mattei, a tax attorney.
In 1976, Amy became a language-development consultant for the Alameda County Association for Retarded Citizens. Although she also spent time writing business publications, she wanted to write fiction. In 1986, after her mother was hospitalized following a heart attack, Amy wrote a short story called “End Game”. The story deals with a child prodigy and her strained relationship with her mother. Later, Amy expanded the story into a collection of tales and named it The Joy Luck Club. In May 1986, the book was published and was received with overwhelming response, including rave reviews; it was soon on the best-seller list. For the book, Amy was nominated for the National Book Award for fiction and National Book Critics Circle Award. She was honored with the Bay Area Book Reviewers Award for fiction and the Commonwealth Club Gold Award.
After the resounding success of her first novel, in 1991 Amy wrote The Kitchen God’s Wife, which is based on the life of her mother. In 1992, Amy published The Moon Lady, a children’s book expanding on an episode from The Joy Luck Club. Amy next wrote China’s Boxer Rebellion; and The Hundred Secret Senses is her latest offering. Today she is acknowledged as one of the most successful writers in blending the old world and the new world into effective fiction.
LITERARY/ HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
The Joy Luck Club is a masterpiece that blends aspects of autobiography, fairy tale, history, and religion. Amy Tan uses and expands upon events from her own life, from her mother’s past, from Chinese tradition, from her religious upbringing, and from history to create her piece of fiction. She further adds elements of the fairy tale by the introducing the concepts of “good and evil” and “poetic justice” in stories like “The Red Candle,” “The Moon-Lady” and the “Scar.” Throughout the novel, there are also little parables and vignettes, included to teach a moral.
Amy’s parents came to America in 1940 in order to escape war-torn China. Settling in California, they lived in a Chinese community, largely isolating themselves from real American society. When they had children, they wanted them to become Americanized, while retaining their Chinese culture and character. They also stressed the importance of education, wanting their children to be successful. This upbringing is clearly captured in The Joy Luck Club. The Chinese mothers in the novel are very traditional themselves, but they want their daughters to be educated and successful. They also want them to possess a modern outlook and attitude, without abandoning their heritage. In essence, the mothers in the novel reflect the character of Daisy Tan, and the daughters exhibit the rebellious attitude of Amy Tan.