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The protagonist of the novel is Jane Eyre. The novel charts her miserable life and her rise from her poor beginnings. Jane has a strong heart, and when she overcomes a series of misfortunes, she is finally rewarded with a reasonable, prosperous, and quiet married life.
Jane's antagonist is the difficulty of life with its many challenges and various problems, including Jane's aunt and cousins, the administration and inmates of Lowood, Bertha, a dishonest Mr. Rochester, and a demanding St. John. Generally, Jane faces a life of obstacles, in the form of vicious and cold people, whom she must fight to overcome.
The climax of the novel occurs with the Thornfield fire and Bertha's suicide, events that pave the way for the reunion and subsequent marriage of Jane and Mr. Rochester.
Despite the many obstacles that Jane must face in the course of the book, her story ends in satisfaction and joy (comedy), for she overcomes her problems, matures into a responsible and intelligent young lady, and is eventually happily married.