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Protagonist: The Antipholus twins are the protagonists of the play. Antipholus of Syracuse, however, is portrayed with greater sensitivity and more detail than is used for his brother.
Antagonist: The Antipholus twins are their own antagonists, for it is due to their identical names and appearances that the conflict, that is the confusion within the play, arises. In another light, all the other characters of the play who add to the chaos by way of mistaking one for the other may also be seen as the antagonists.
Climax: The climax is reached when the confusion reaches its peak. Antipholus of Ephesus is wrongly arrested and then worked upon by a conjurer, while Antipholus of Syracuse, convinced that Adriana and Luciana practice witchcraft, runs about brandishing a sword and finally takes refuge in the Priory. When the confusion turns to madness, the Duke and the Abbess step in as arbitrators. The climactic moment occurs when both sets of twins are brought face to face with each other.