Table of Contents | Message Board | Printable Version | Barron's Booknotes
John the Savage, is the protagonist of the novel and the symbol of the old world order, where emotion and individualism were important. When he is taken from the Savage Reservation to London, he refutes the accepted merits of the "brave, new world" and points out its pitfalls.
Mustapha Mond is the antagonist of the novel and the symbol of the brave new world. As one of the Controllers of the new society, he represents the sophisticated, scientific society of the new world order, where conformity and stability are more valued than emotion and individual freedom. He effectively counters John's attack on his utopian society, forcing the Savage to realize that the old world order and brave new world can never co-exist
While there are multiple moments of crisis throughout the plot, the climax occurs during the extended debate between Mustapha Mond and the Savage. The debate focuses on the crux of the novel, modern humanity's dilemma between the old and the new - between science and emotion, between individual freedom and social stability, and between materialism and spiritualism. The debate does not establish a solution to the problem, indicating that the two opposing forces will never be able to compromise and co- exist in peace.
The plot ends as a tragedy. John has not been able to adjust to the brave new world and ends his life by committing suicide.